Debate: Past and Present

(Fill-in-the-blanks on a piece of paper)

BACK IN THE DAY

Debate dates back to around the fifth century B.C. when the 1)_________ philosopher Protagoras proposed that for every idea, there must be a corresponding opposite or contrary idea.

protagoras

Around the same time, other Greek philosophers pioneered the ¨sophistic¨ movement, which focussed on the power of rhetorical 2)_________ mainly in the political arena.

5-raphael-st-paul-preaching-in-athens

Then along came 3)__________.  He blaimed the Sophists for tricking people into believing them via their ¨gift of gab¨ or for being ¨wordsmiths¨.

So rather than simply persuading people with effective speech or writing, his objective was to seek truths through effective questioning.  And although  Socrates´ questioning strategy and ability to make speakers look bad by proving them wrong was sometimes compared to that of a ¨4)_________ charmer¨, his focus was primarily on logical reasoning and rational thought.  Thus, although effective speech is very important, so is being right!

death-of-socrates-ab

LET´S FAST FORWARD TO NOW!

Just like the Ancient Greeks predicted, public speaking and debate would prove to become one of the most important parts of the democratic process in Western Society.

4104145120

Here: British Prime Minister 5)______________ during the parliamentary debate on whether to launch airstrikes against ISIS in Syria, December 2, 2015.

In fact, in more than a few occasions during US presidential elections, whether it was what they said or how they said it, the vote was directly influenced by candidates performances in the debate.

 

 

 

The 2012 Presidential Debates between President Obama and 6)____________ Romney show us the effectiveness of strong voice, 7)___________ language and clear developed arguments based on factual examples.  (Watch: 0:55 – 2:00, Romney challenges Obama on the economy, Obama rebuts).

 

Whereas, the debates for the Republican Primary for the 2016 presidential election more closely resemble a 8)________________.  (Watch: 2:55 – End).

 

 

Answers to Fill-in-the-Blanks:

  1. Greek
  2. speech
  3. Socrates
  4. snake
  5. David Cameron
  6. Governor
  7. body
  8. *Answers may vary: ex. game, party, shouting match, really annoying reality show, horrible Hair Club for men Commercial, popularity contest on the Lifestyles of the Rich and “Shameless”, Saturday Night Live skit, WWE Monday Night Raw, Animal Planet special on primates or bunch of drunks.

 

…AND NOW MORE TRUMP:

Antonio Banderas and Pitbull (6:40-fin) respond:

Islamic Extremists by numbers

Watch: start – 1:40 only!

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