Unit 2 Evaluation – Persuasive Speech

To evaluate our unit on Discourse and Rhetoric, all students must produce a short, original and PERSUASIVE speech, which will be based on a given theme.

Themes will be discussed in class to generate ideas for how you might want to build your speech.

REQUIREMENTS:

  1. Your speech must be a minimum of 1 minute, and maximum of 2 minutes.
  2. You must use at least one of the rhetorical devices or means of persuasion we talked about, however you are encouraged to use more.
  3. 7th-8th Grades, your speech must be in English.  9th-11th Grades, your speech may be in any language you wish.
  4. Your speech must be persuasive.

Speeches will begin the week of April 26th.  *Students may even wish to wear outfits or costumes appropriate to their speeches.  Take it seriously, but have some fun with it!

THEMES:  *NOTE: How you approach the theme and the examples you use is completely up to you!  But you should choose to agree or disagree with the statement, and avoid being neutral as this is a persuasive speech!

GRAPHIC ORGANIZER (Copy Books):

Topic:
Agree or Disagree:
Introduction:
Points/Evidence:
What the evidence shows (Explanation):
Conclusion:

7th Grade – OPTION 1. ¨Rousseau’s Social Contract is important for our security.¨

OPTION 2. ¨Selective breeding, artificial selection and geneticly modified organisims are good for society.¨   (related to recent work in Natural Sciences)

8th Grade – ¨There is no growth without change.¨   (related to recent work in English)

9th Grade – ¨Early Eastern civilizations have had a more profound impact on modern society than early Western civilizations.¨   (related to recent work in Social Studies)

10th Grade – ¨Patriotism is cute; Nationalism is scary.¨    (related to recent work in Social Studies)

11th Grade –  ¨¿Qué onda con la nueva constitución?¨   (related to recent work in Social Studies and Current Events Topics)

AND SUPPLEMENTARY DISCUSSION TEXTS:

7th

and: (only first paragraph) http://wallace.genetics.uga.edu/groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9/Selective_Breeding_or_Artificial_Selection.html

  • Video:

8th

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/11/13/samsung-and-the-south-korean-success-story/?_r=0

  • video (only some parts):

9th

10th

  • Reading: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/why-i-choose-to-patriotism-over-nationalism/
  • Video:

11th

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Unit 2 – Persuasive Speech

Objective: Analyze commonly used rhetorical devices and Aristotle´s Three Means of Persuasion

Virtue: Discipline

Welcome to the wonderful world of persuasive speaking.  What is discourse?  What is rhetoric?

Watch Obama´s very moving Yes, we can speech, and consider 1) How he carefully chooses the words that he uses.  2)  How he portrays his expertise.  3)  How he appeals to the audience´s emotions.  4) How he links his speech to reality and logic.

 

We are going to explore five Rhetorical Devices commonly used in persuasive speeches.

  1. Alliteration – a series of words in a row (or close to a row) that have the same first consonant sound. “I see also the dull, drilled, docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery plodding on like a swarm of crawling locusts.” –Winston Churchill on the German invasion of Russia
    • Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation…” — Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address
  2. Rhetorical Questions – Figure which asks a question, not for the purpose of further discussion, but to assert or deny an answer implicitly; a question whose answer is obvious or implied.

Can anyone look at the record of this Administration and say, “Well done”?  Can anyone compare the state of our economy when the Carter Administration took office with where we are today and say, “Keep up the good work”?  Can anyone look at our reduced standing in the world today and say, “Let’s have four more years of this”?  — Ronald Reagan, 1980 Republican National  Convention Acceptance Address Note: Reagan was a particularly effective user of  “stacked” rhetorical questions.

3.  Rule of Three – rhetorical device of organizing and presenting topics, words or phrases in groups of threes.  ¨There’s a few things, about three things to my account that I need each day. One of them is something to look up to, another is something to look forward to, and another is someone to chase.¨  – Matthew McConaughey Oscar Speech.

4.  Repetition –  a rhetorical device, it could be a word, a phrase or a full sentence or a poetical line repeated to emphasize its significance in the entire text. Repetition is not distinguished solely as a figure of speech but more as a rhetorical device.  ¨Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the Earth.¨ –  Abraham Lincoln.

5.  Anaphora – the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect.   (Epiphora is when the repeated word comes at the end.)

We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender.”  – Winston Churchill.

 

Aristotle´s Three Means of Persuasion:

Ethos: The Appeal to the Speaker’s or Writer’s Character or Reputation

Pathos: The Appeal to Emotion

Logos: The Appeal to Reason

CLICK HERE FOR FULL EXPLANATIONS

*Powerpoint on rhetoric:

RHETORIC

Unit 2 – Debate in Real Life

WHY DEBATE?

CAN YOU THINK OF AREAS IN SOCIETY WHERE DEBATE IS VERY IMPORTANT?

WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT SKILLS YOU NEED TO HAVE TO BE GOOD IN THESE AREAS?

This unit we are going to do two or three activities in class that we use debate in real life.

  1. A Mock Presidential Debate
  2. A Mock Criminal Trial
  3. A Mock Business Negotiation

Here some real life examples:

 

 

 

ROLES:

Mock Trial 5th Grade

Amanda Barber, Defendant

Mrs. Green, Plaintiff

Mr. Brown, Witness

Mrs. Castle, Witness

Plaintiff’s Lawyer

Defense Lawyer

Court Clerk

Sheriff’s Officer

Judge

Jury Foreperson

Jurors

Mock Trial 6th Grade

Judge

Clerk

State Prosecuter(s)

Defense Lawyer(s)

Martinn Mann

Richard Cervantes

Connie Cook

Brad Stevens

Tanya Morgan

Jaclyn Bardie

Mock Presidential Debate

First Candidate:

Second Candidate:

Third Candidate:

Fourth Candidate:

Moderator 1:

Moderator 2:

Audience 1:

Audience 2:

Audience 3

Mock Business Negotiation

Department store CEO:

CEO´s Secretary:

Salesperson:

Salesperson´s Associate:

Lists of Roles LB

5A Activity Roles  5B Activity Roles  6A Activity Roles  6B Activity Roles

Scripts

Mock Business Negotiation

Mock Presidential Election

CaseMissingPup (1)Mock Trial 5th 

Mock Trial 6th

Mock Trial Format